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HUNGAROSAURUS

a plant-eating nodosaurid ankylosaurian dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Hungary.
Pronunciation: hun-GAH-ro-SOR-us
Meaning: Hungary lizard
Author/s: Attila Ösi (2005)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Veszprém, Hungary
Chart Position: 471

Hungarosaurus tormai

(Torma's Hungary lizard)Etymology
Hungarosaurus is derived from "Hungary" (the country in which it was discovered) and the Greek "sauros" (lizard). The species epithet, tormai, honors András Torma, co-discoverer of the Hungarosaurus fossil site in 2000.
Discovery
The remains of Hungarosaurus were discovered in an open-pit bauxite mine in the Csehbánya Formation near the village of Iharkút, Veszprém County, Bakony Mountains, western Hungary, by Attila Ösi and András Torma in 2001. The site also contained fossils of fishes, amphibians, turtles, crocodiles, lizards, pterosaurs, and every other dinosaur that as ever been found in Hungary. The Hungarosaurus holotype (MTM Gyn/404) is a partial skull and skeleton, including three neck vertebrae, six back vertebrae, ten tail vertebrae, three neck and thirteen back ribs, five chevrons, tendon fragments, a complete left shoulder girdle, a right shoulder blade, right radius, four metacarpals, a partial hip (parts of the left and right ilia, left ischium), right thigh, right shin, and more than a hundred osteoderms.
Paratypes include MTM Gyn/405 (one back vertebra, neck and back ribs, some small circular armour scutes and a piece of neck armour called a "half-ring"), MTM Gyn/406 (a fragmentary ulna, ribs and scutes, and what may be a piece of femur), and MTM Gyn/407 (a sacrum with both ilia and ischia, and fused armour plates.)
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Late Cretaceous
Stage: Santonian
Age range: 86-83 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: 4 meters
Est. max. hip height: ?
Est. max. weight: 650 Kg
Diet: Herbivore
Family Tree:
Dinosauria
Ornithischia
Thyreophora
Ankylosauria
Nodosauridae
Hungarosaurus
tormai
References
• Attila Ösi (2005) "Hungarosaurus tormai, a new ankylosaur (Dinosauria) from the Upper Cretaceous of Hungary". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25(2): 370-383.
• G.S. Paul (2010) "The Princeton Field Guide to Dinosaurs". (Page 236).
• Attila Osi, Xabier Pereda Suberbiola, and Tamás Földes (2014) "Partial skull and endocranial cast of the ankylosaurian dinosaur Hungarosaurus from the Late Cretaceous of Hungary: implications for locomotion". Palaeontologia Electronica 17(1): 18.
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "HUNGAROSAURUS :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 17th Nov 2017.
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