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CAMELOTIA

a possible omnivorous sauropodomorph dinosaur from Late Triassic of England.
image
Pronunciation: kam-uh-LOH-tee-uh
Meaning: for Camelot (King Arthur's castle)
Author/s: Galton (1985)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Somerset, England
Chart Position: 252

Camelotia borealis

Long before the invention of Cheddar Cheese, the County of Somerset was home to a herbivorous dinosaur called Camelotia — named after Camelot; King Arthur's legendary stronghold containing his court, his knights, his round table, and jugs of mead poured by plump-chested wenches, no doubt. But this wasn't its original name.

The fossils that would come to be known as Camelotia were initially christened Avalonia by Harry Seeley way back in 1898, but the name had already been claimed by Walcott's trilobites nine years earlier. This little cock-up went unnoticed for 63 years, and by the time Kuhn got around to choosing Avalonianus as a replacement name in 1961 its inventory had become an embarrassment.

In 1985, Peter Galton attempted to bring order from chaos, sifting through archosaur teeth (that have been referred to Megalosaurus cambrensis, Zanclodon, and "Newtonsaurus" at various times) and unassociated bits and bobs dumped there willy-nilly (including Wedmore Hill material that von Huene had erroneously referred to Gresslyosaurus in 1907-08) and emerged with some diagnostic limb material. The latter became Camelotia and, sadly, represents the entirety of its remains.

It's far from clear whether the strong-limbed Camelotia is a huge "prosauropod" closely related to Melanorosaurus or one of the earliest "true" sauropods, or if melanorosaurids are sauropods themselves. Nevertheless, it's nice to see paleontologists doing their bit to ensure the Arthurian legend lives on.
Discovery
The remains of Camelotia were discovered at Wedmore Hill in the Wedmore Stone Member of the Westbury Formation, Wedmore, Somerset, England.
The holotype is catalogued as BMNH R.2870-2874, R.2876-2878.
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Triassic
Stage: Rhaetian
Age range: 209-201 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: 9 meters
Est. max. hip height: 2 meters
Est. max. weight: 1000 Kg
Diet: Herbivore
Family Tree:
Dinosauria
Saurischia
Sauropodomorpha
Camelotia
borealis
References
• H. G. Seeley (1898) "On large Terrestrial Saurians from the Rhætio Beds of Wedmork Hill, described as Avalonia Sanfordi and Picrodon Herveyi". Geological Magazine (Decade IV) / Volume 5 / Issue 01 / January 1898, pp 1-6.
• Galton PM (1985a) "Notes on the Melanorosauridae, a family of large prosauropod dinosaurs (Saurischia : Sauropodomorpha)". Géobios, Lyon, 18 : 671-676.
• Galton PM and P Upchurch (2004) "Prosauropoda" in Weishampel, Dodson and Osmólska (eds.) "The Dinosauria: Second edition".
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "CAMELOTIA :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 25th Apr 2017.
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