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a carnivorous megaraptoran theropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Australia.
Pronunciation: oss-tra-low-veh-NAY-tuhr
Meaning: Southern (Hemisphere) hunter
Author/s: Hocknull et al. (2009)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Winton, Australia
Chart Position: 544

Australovenator wintonensis

Banjo (after Waltzing Matilda's author A.B. "Banjo" Paterson) is a nickname bestowed upon what several, mostly Australian, sources were trumpeting as perhaps the most terrifying flesh eater ever discovered — Australovenator wintonensis, found near Winton, Oz — though it was only six meters in length and lighter than a Right Whale's bollock.

Just like the swagman, Australovenator met its end in a billabong, probably after jumping in to take advantage of two sauropods — Wintonotitan ("Clancy") and Diamantinasaurus ("Matilda"). Mired in mud, Clancy and Matilda became reluctant bait in a long-spanning "predator trap" that used the promise of a free meal to entice Australovenator and other carnivores, who then became mired themselves. Add to this the remains of bivalves, fish, turtles, crocodilians, and rotting plant fossils, and the area probably, at some point, resembled an enormous stinking broth that no self-respecting predator could resist. And so, over time, more ingredients were added.

Dubbed by authors as "the cheetah of its time" because of its light and agile build, Australovenator fell neatly into a relatively new clade called Megaraptora within Neovanatoridae (itself within Allosauroidea) along with a handful of previously hard to classify carnivorous misfits, and may have solved a 28-year-old mystery involving an ankle bone from Victoria which was long thought to belong to a dwarf Allosaurus. However, some analyses have found megaraptorans to be tyrannosauroids and thus closer to Tyrannosaurus than to Allosaurus, in which case the hunt for said ankle bone's owner will continue.
Australovenator (Southern Hunter) is derived from the Latin "auster" (south) and "venator" (Hunter), referring to its discovery in the southern hemisphere and its carnivorous diet. The species epithet, wintonensis, means "from Winton" in Latin.
The remains of Australovenator were discovered at the "Matilda Site" (AODF 85) in the Winton Formation, Elderslie Sheep Station, Eromanga Basin, 60 km west-northwest of Winton, west-central Queensland, Australia, by volunteers from the Australian Age of Dinosaurs Museum of Natural History between 2006 and 2009. The holotype (AODF 604) includes nine serrated teeth, left lower jaw, various ribs, partial legs, partial arms, some fingers and toes.
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Early Cretaceous
Stage: Albian
Age range: 112-99 mya
Est. max. length: 6 meters
Est. max. hip height: 2 meters
Est. max. weight: 500 Kg
Diet: Carnivore
• Hocknull SA, White MA, Tischler TR, Cook AG, Calleja ND, et al (2009) "New Mid-Cretaceous Dinosaurs from Winton, Queensland, Australia".
• Paul GS (2010) "The Princeton Field Guide to Dinosaurs".
• White MA, Bell PR, Cook AG, Poropat SF, Elliott DA. (2015) "The dentary of Australovenator wintonensis (Theropoda, Megaraptoridae); implications for megaraptorid dentition". PeerJ 3:e1512. doi: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1512.
• Romilio and Salisbury (2011) "A reassessment of large theropod dinosaur tracks from the mid-Cretaceous (late Albian—Cenomanian) Winton Formation of Lark Quarry, central-western Queensland, Australia: A case for mistaken identity". Cretaceous Research, 32(2): 135–142
• White​ MA, Cook AG and Rumbold SJ (2017) "A methodology of theropod print replication utilising the pedal reconstruction of Australovenator and a simulated paleo-sediment". PeerJ 5:e3427. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3427.
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "AUSTRALOVENATOR :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 22nd Aug 2017.