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AEROSTEON

a carnivorous megaraptoran theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Argentina.
Aerosteon
Pronunciation: eh-ro-stee-on
Meaning: Air bone
Author/s: Sereno, Martinez, et al. (2009)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Neuquen, Argentina
Chart Position: 563

Aerosteon riocoloradensis

Aerosteon was discovered in the Anacleto Formation in 1996 but wasn't unveiled until 2008. Unfortunately, it was named online so further delay followed as its description fell short of the ICZN's code of taxonomic nomenclature—to be classed as official all critters must be named in physical print—but by making ink and paper copies available by post from Plos One's Berry Street office the following year the code was satisfied. 21st May 2009 is its official publication date.

An allosauroid, specifically a neovenatorid allosauroid, and more specifically a megaraptoran neovenatorid allosauroid (though a position in Tyrannoauridae has recently been mooted), Aerosteon was a big boy at around nine meters in length, but was a bit of a lightweight because of what bods call "extensive pneumatization"—air holes in its bones—which prompted a bit of argy-bargy between lead author Paul Sereno and Matt Wedel. We won't bore you with details, link suffice to say no punches were pulled during heated handbag-throwing, but sadly none were thrown either, as is always the case when paleontologists puff their chests out. And speaking of puffing chests out; apparently Aerosteon couldn't because, unlike mammals, theropods had rigid lungs, so they needed another way to breathe.

In a manner similar to modern birds, Aerosteon's breathing seems to have been undertaken by a series of air sacks in its thorax and abdomen that bellowed air in a one way stream through a pair of fairly rigid lungs. The name-prompting "pneumaticity" was caused by outpockets of said air sacks invading the surrounding bones, thus reducing their weight. In birds, this bellow or "flow-through" system also provides a continuous airflow to power the insane metabolic rate required for powered flight, though how, or if, this feature would, or could, benefit an apex predator that weighed as much as a white rhino eludes us.
(Air bone from Rio Colorado) Etymology
Aerosteon is derived from the Greek "aeros" (air) and "osteon" (bone) because of what bods call "pneumatized" bones—cavities in some of its bones, like the bubbles in an "Aero" chocolate bar, which would have been filled with air from invading air sacks attached fore and aft to its lungs. The species epithet, riocoloradensis, means "from Rio Colorado" in Latin. However, adjectives ending in "-ensis" may be either masculine or feminine, not both nor either, and as the Greek "osteon" is neuter gender the epithet must be neuter also. The correct epithet should be riocoloradense.[ref]
Discovery
The remains of Aerosteon were discovered at Cañadon Amarillo in the Anacleto Formation, (Río Colorado Subgroup, Neuquén Group), 1 km north of the Río Colorado near the southern border of Mendoza Province, Argentina, in 1996.
The holotype (MCNA-PV-3137) is a partial skeleton.
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Late Cretaceous
Stage: Campanian
Age range: 83-78 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: 9 meters
Est. max. hip height: ?
Est. max. weight: 2 tons
Diet: Carnivore
References
• Sereno PC, Martinez RN, Wilson JA, Varricchio DJ, Alcober OA, et al. (2009) "Evidence for Avian Intrathoracic Air Sacs in a New Predatory Dinosaur from Argentina".
• PLoS ONE Group (2009) "Steps taken to meet the requirements of the ICZN to make new taxonomic names nomenclaturally available." Comment on Original Article: "Evidence for Avian Intrathoracic Air Sacs in a New Predatory Dinosaur from Argentina".
• Benson R.B.J., Carrano M.T, Brusatte S.L. (2010) "A new clade of archaic large-bodied predatory dinosaurs (Theropoda: Allosauroidea) that survived to the latest Mesozoic".
• Patrick M. O'Connor & Leon P. A. M. Claessens (2005) "Basic avian pulmonary design and flow-through ventilation in non-avian theropod dinosaurs".
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "AEROSTEON :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 24th Nov 2017.
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